The 13 key Scan to BIM terms you must master to become a Professional BIM Designer

It is becoming more and more common for the architecture, engineering, and construction industries to digitize. Construction industry workflow systems and techniques are gradually being replaced by digital technologies. One such method is scanning to BIM, which is currently gaining popularity.

Using laser scanning and Building Information Modeling, otherwise known as BIM, scan to BIM creates an accurate digital representation of the built asset. Digital techniques such as scan to BIM or field to BIM are interconnected and assist the technology to achieve its goals.

Key Terms for Scan to BIM

Scan to BIM: BIM is a process that involves creating, building, and maintaining 3D BIM models from laser scanned point clouds of built assets or constructed facilities. Alternatively, it can be called Field to BIM.

Accordingly, high definition LiDAR scanners are used for the scanning process. A 3D building information model of the structure is created based on laser scanned point clouds.

BIM Information Modeling: A Building Information Model or BIM is an approach to building design, planning and construction that utilizes people, technology, and processes.

A single detailed model of the structure is generated by integrating multidisciplinary models. From the design stage to the handover stage, BIM helps engineers, contractors, and architects manage construction projects effectively.

The scan to BIM process involves BIM. Field to BIM captures the as-is data as a point cloud by scanning the physical asset. In order to develop a real time data integrated virtual model of the facility, the point cloud data is used.

3D Laser Scanning: Laser scanners are used to create a digital representation of an object using 3D laser scanning. The laser rays from the 3D scanner incident on the surface of the object produce a point cloud, which contains precise information, such as dimensions and appearance, about the object.

Data from the point cloud is digitally processed in software programs to produce a three-dimensional representation that is accurate and rich in information. Modern-day topographical surveys also use laser scanning.

COBIE: Information about managed assets such as space and equipment is exchanged using COBIE, an international standards-based protocol. A BIM-based approach to the design, development, and management of built assets is strongly associated with this concept.

COBIE is essentially a file containing the same information as a BIM model. Data is represented digitally in a BIM model, whereas data is represented in a COBIE sheet.

Revit Families: BIM modelers use Revit families to create a BIM model of a structure or asset by combining a cluster of 2D and 3D elements. A Revit family can be classified as a system family, a loadable family, or an in-place family.

The Revit family includes items such as doors, windows, and furniture. As per the client’s requirements, Revit families can also be customized.

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Published By
Arka Roy

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